All spots that somehow appeared on our clothes can be divided into 3 types:
1. The spots, which are dissolved in water.It stains from foods that contain sugar, stains from wood glue of water soluble salts and some water soluble dyes.
2. Spots that appear organic solutions.It stains from grease, motor oil, varnish, resin, oil paint, wax, cream, shoe polish.
3. stains that are not soluble in water and organic solvents.Fatty stains paint from tannins, from water-insoluble natural and artificial colors, proteins, blood, pus, urine, mold.
Each type of stains require special treatment.Certain stains, for example coffee, fruit juice, wine, requires treatment as a means for water-soluble stains, and means for insoluble stains.
- Useful tips housewives Stain
- How to recognize the kind of stain?
- How to deduce stains from dirt?
- How to withdraw from the stain of oil paint?
- Withdraw grease themselves
- Withdraw spot from dairy products
- How to deduce stains from tea, coffee and chocolate?
- How to withdraw from the stain of red wine or grapes?
- Withdraw alcoholic stains (wine, beer, champagne)
- How can I see blood stains?
- Print the stains of sweat
- Print the stains from shoe polish
- How to deduce stains from potassium permanganate and iodine?
- How to withdraw rust stains?
- Print the stains from the wax
- Display stains from cosmetics -easily!
- Withdraw stains green
- Print the stains from tobacco
- How can I see spots of mold?
Tips for conclusion spots
• The chemicals that you use for spotting the best pre-test in a trial piece of fabric on the filing or stocks seams.Not recommended for highly concentrated solutions.It is better to treat the stain several times with a weak solution, turns washing cloth with water.
• Before removing stains the fabric should be cleaned of dust, at first dry, then wet brush.
• Must be a spot inside out, placing it under the white paper or cloth, you can use a plate, wrapped in white cloth.
• Clean the stain is best with a cotton swab or a soft, white cloth.To begin to wet the area around the stain, then wet the very spot from the edge to the middle, so it will not fade.
• Stains of unknown origin are best display solution of ammonia and salts.
How to recognize the kind of stain?
• Fresh stains are best removed by washing the cloth with water, first cold several times, and then goryachey.Dlya successful stain removal is very important to know what is its origin, but at the same time is important and the composition and characteristics of the tissue.
Grease stains usually do not have clear boundaries.Fresh grease stains are always darker than the fabric itself.The old grease bright and acquire a matte finish.They are deeply absorbed by the material and show up even on the reverse side tkani.Eto helps you to easily cope with a stain or damage your favorite thing.If you do not know the material, then cut a small piece of tissue from the joint area and check means for spots on it.
spots that do not contain fat.Stains from fruit, beer, juice, tea, wine, and others. They have clear boundaries and contours of the darker spots themselves.
stains containing fat and low-fat substance. There are more than others.These stains typically remain on the surface of the fabric and only contained therein fats penetrate deeper.It stains from milk, blood soup, sauces, street dust.
oxidized spots. spots that appear on the site of the old stains when exposed to light, oxygen, and other factors.This is the most trudnoustarimye spots.Stains from berries, fruit, mold, wine, coffee usually tend to oxidize.
How to deduce stains from dirt?
For stain removal of dirt is better to first clean the area with a brush.When the fabric dries rinse the stain with warm soapy water.If the stain does not go as it should be dipped in strong vinegar solution.If you do not wash dirty thing, that spot should be derived hydrogen peroxide.With the cloak best spots are removed with a cotton swab moistened with vinegar solution.
How to withdraw from the stain of oil paint?
spot of oil paint is wiped with a cotton swab dipped in turpentine or guardsmen.If the color of the fabric is not changed, the spot can be displayed with alcohol.Blot off the oil paint can be output as gasoline soap, mixed with turpentine in a ratio of 1: 1.
If the stain is old, it is his first moisten with turpentine.After the paint clean off it gets wet with a solution of baking soda and rinse thoroughly with warm water and cloth.
How to deduce grease at home
- Stains from oil, sprats and other canned oil is easily removed by kerosene.After treatment, it is desirable to wash the cloth with kerosene warm water and soap.
- very common way to remove grease stains chalk.Spot sprinkled with powdered chalk, firmly pressed against the tissue and allowed to stand overnight.In the morning, clean cloth brush.The spot disappears.
- spot from fish oil can be removed with a solution of vinegar.
- Grease stains on solid synthetic fabrics are best removed with the help of potato starch.Apply to the stain starch, and then rub it with a warm, moist towel.When the starch is dry, clean cloth brush.If the stain has not withdrawn completely, repeat the procedure again.
- stains eggs should be removed immediately, because then they create insoluble compounds, which are not amenable to removal.Fresh stains are removed from the eggs ammonia, glycerin and the old ammonia.
Withdraw spot from dairy products
- If the stain is applied is not a white cloth, and it is large enough, it is best to wash it immediately with warm water with soap and water and rinse.
- If the fabric color, the stain to remove it is best to use a mixture of 2 tablespoons of glycerine and 2 tablespoons of water and a couple drops of ammonia.Spot should moisten the mixture, placed between two cotton fabrics, iron and iron.
- with colored woolen fabrics stain is removed using heated to 35 degrees glycerol.It is applied to the fabric for 10 minutes and then washed with soapy water.
Print the stains from chocolate, coffee, tea
- spots of chocolate is enough to wipe ammonia and then rinse heavily salted water.If chocolate soiled white cloth, then you can remove the stain with hydrogen peroxide.She needed a place to soak soiled and leave for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with cold water.
- stains from coffee and strong tea is removed with a brush moistened with warm water.The tissue is then thoroughly washed with warm soapy water.And rinse light vinegar solution.
- In light fabric fabric such spots deduce heated glycerin.Lubricate them stain, and after 20 minutes, washed with warm water and dried with a towel.
Print the stains from red wine and berries
- With color products a spot output by glycine mixed 1: 1 ratio with an egg.Once such stains can be removed with the help of a slurry of water table, put it on the spot, and after half an hour wash with soap and water.Then rinse with warm water.
- red wine stains can be removed with a solution of potassium permanganate, moistened her stained place, and then processed with hydrogen peroxide.
Print the stains from white wine, beer, champagne, liqueurs
- On white fabric such spots should be removed with a solution of 5 g of soap, 0.5 tspsoda and a glass of water.Apply the solution onto the stain and leave it for a day.Then rinse thoroughly with warm water.This spot can still scrub a piece of ice.
- Beer spots are best displayed with soap and water.Inveterate beer stains can be cleaned with a mixture of glycerol, wine and ammonia in equal parts.The mixture was mixed with water in a ratio of 3: 8.
Withdraw blood stains
- Fabric with bloodstains washed with cold water first, then with warm soapy water.Before washing better soak for several hours.
- inveterate stains first rub the solution of ammonia, and then the solution will be, after which the laundry is washed in warm water.With thin silk products removed via blood starch zameshennogo slurry in cold water.
Print the sweat stains
- Take off those spots giposulfata solution.Purified place then washed with warm water.
- With silk fabrics such spots deduce a solution of denatured alcohol and ammonia in a ratio of 1: 1.
- stains from wool removed with a cloth dampened with a strong solution of salt.If the stains are visible, then wiped with alcohol.
- sweat stains and fade if washed in the water a little ammonia.Teaspoon per liter of water.
Print the stains from shoe polish
cloth washed in soapy water with ammonia.
Print the stains from potassium permanganate and iodine
- These spots are well displayed whey or yogurt.Wet serum contaminated area.
- Well suited for the removal of manganese with light clothes oxalic acid
- Stains from iodine should fill soda, pour vinegar on top and leave overnight.In the morning, rinse with clean water.
- can also be used to remove stains potato starch iodine and rub them stain until it disappears.Then wash cloth and soap.
- inveterate stains of iodine should be derived from starch gruel and water.
How to deduce stains from rust
- These spots are well displayed with lemon juice.Wet the stain with lemon juice and then proutyuzhte soaked land.Then again wet land with lemon juice and rinse with water.
- With white cloth rust stains are best output 2% hydrochloric acid solution.Lower tissue in acid and hold until the twain shall meet spots.Then rinse in water with the addition of ammonia, 3 tablespoons per liter.
How can I see the wax?
- cured should first scrape and then put on the spot a clean cloth or paper towel and a pair of iron to iron until the stain has come.
- With plush velvet and wax should be removed with turpentine, but in any case not ironed.
Print the stains from cosmetics
- Spot lipstick can be removed with the help of the Boers.She poured the spot, then rinsed the fabric in soap and clean water.
- stains cosmetic creams removed with alcohol or gasoline.
- spot of hair dye removed with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia.
- stains lacquer removed with a cloth and acetone.Tedious to make a napkin to the spot and the top of her wet acetone.Continue like this until the complete removal of stains.
How to deduce stains on the green
Such stains can be removed with denatured alcohol or vodka.Still it is possible for such purposes use table salt.After removing the stain, rinse the cloth with water.Fresh grass stain on the fabric can be washed with soapy water with the addition of ammonia.
Print the stains from tobacco
removed by rubbing the stain with a mixture of egg yolk and denatured alcohol, a stirred until a thick creamy mass.Washed fabric warm and then hot water.You can also use warm glycine or denatured alcohol.
Print the stains from mold
with cotton fabric output by the chalk, which is sprinkled with a spot upstairs put a napkin and carried out several times with a hot iron.