Recently pediatricians all over the world agree that physiologically normal term breastfeeding - from 15 months to 2 years.Unfortunately, in our country by the end of the 1st year of life, the number of infants fed mother's milk is only 10%.
lack of mother's milk today is not regarded as threatening circumstances, a disaster for the child.Today, newborns can be transferred to artificial feeding from the very first days, but this power is not an equivalent substitute for mother's milk.Modern dairy mixture in its composition as close as possible to human milk, but they are not biologically active substances that make breast milk indispensable for the baby.In particular, the mother's milk the baby inherits a set of antibodies, creating the first protective barrier against most bacteria and viruses, with whom he will have to contact.Breast milk contains a number of polyunsaturated fatty acids that enhance brain development of the baby - the intelligence of children is higher than that of their peers who we
mature breast milk of a woman appears at the end of the first and beginning of the second week after birth.However, for each feeding its consistency varies: first there is a liquid milk, rich in vitamins and minerals, then - more thick and oily.The child almost from the first day as it gets two meals - the "first" and "second".
Fear about what not to overeat if the baby if it is often fed breast milk, should not be.When breastfed baby does not suck more than they need.At breaks in 3-3,5 hours for each feeding in the early months of a baby should suck 60-80 ml of milk, in the second half of the month -100-120 ml.If he eats more frequently, each time sucks less, thereby obtaining the same amount of milk.Previously, doctors recommended to feed the baby 6 times a day with a 6-hour break for the night.Currently, most domestic and foreign pediatricians recommend to comply with such a regime only with artificial feeding.If a woman feeds her baby's milk, it is best to put him to the breast on demand, ie,when a child wants to eat, but not strictly by the hour.
The day a child should eat the amount of food equal to about 1/5 of its weight.Is breastfeeding established, will gain weight.If by the end of the first month, it was not less than 600 grams - all right!
There is a 'gold standard' with which pediatricians compared physical characteristics of the baby.For the first 3 months it should grow by 9 cm and recover 2.4 kg.In six months, relies increase another 7.5 cm and 2.4 kg gain.By the end of the 1st year of life the baby is assumed to rise above 8.5 cm and add another 2.4 kg of weight.In the year of the child should weigh about 10 kilograms, or slightly more than that.
When feeding a baby breast milk is excluded not only the possibility of overeating: at such a child reduces the risk of obesity and diabetes.Breastfeeding protects the baby against obesity, and in the future.
German doctors surveyed 9,000 primary school children, found that children who received since the birth of artificial feeding, by the age of 5-6 years are obese are twice as likely than babies whose mothers breast-fed.Thus, the longer a child was breastfed, the better he was protected from obesity later in life.In children whose mothers fed their milk only two months or less, the risk of obesity when they reach school age is 4 times higher than those who were breastfed at least eight to ten months.
number of fat cells, which is formed in the body during the first year of life, with time almost does not decrease: it can only grow and really increases.
Overweight, completeness and the more obese children turn with time poor immunity, low resistance to infections, low mobility, heart complications.