evolution of fashion has always been inextricably linked to the changes in the society of a particular era.History of the Art Nouveau style of dress reflects the main trends in the social life on both sides of the Atlantic, including the gradual change of the status of women in society and open perspectives for them at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.Like any other turn of the century, it was an exciting time, full of events.He was interrupted during the First World War, after which was the beginning of a different era - a landmark and turning point.
Belle Epoque - new realism
first half of the 19th century was given to romanticism, which is the clearest way is reflected in art and clothing.Panchromatic ideals sung in female clothes curvaceous, layered skirts, deep neckline and waist, tightly strapped corset.All the ladies in the way it was intended to emphasize the fragility of the dreamy, which is well viewed in literature and painting, depicting the heavy folds of voluminous sk
Since mid-century, the rapidly changing political situation in Europe, which inevitably affects the former lifetime.Scientific and technical progress is gaining momentum, reviewed the status of women in society, and after the return of the Olympic Games is developing the sport.All this deromantiziruet era and its costumes, bringing them closer to reality.Woman becomes easier to breathe in every sense of the word.
period 1890-1914 called Belle Epoque («Belle Epoque" or "Belle Epoque"), and in the arts and fashion for him to use the term "modern" and "Art Nouveau ".These names reflect completely new direction associated with the beginning of a great renewal in culture with a gradual denial of romantic ideals and approach to reality with the indispensable practical costume.
Hindsight and ethnic motifs
It would be wrong to argue that the modernist style in clothes marked a step forward and poryvanie with all the traditions of the past.Art Nouveau became a skillful and harmonious interplay of past and future: it merged the features of ethnic and ancient, are superimposed on the new elements that will best meet the requirements of time.
French couturier Paul Poiret became the new trendy reformer who insisted on the liberation of the camp by the ladies' suffocating corset and change rigid frame skirts to dresses and skirts softer cut with flowing fabrics and loose lines.
Also antique fashion Poiret introduced in Europe in particular, it was in France, features Japanese national costume, which surprisingly fit harmoniously into the European dress.So in the Western suit kimono began to take root that found its use in home clothes and secular dresses."Lame skirt» (hobble skirt) - Poiret invention and one ethnic fashion bow East.This skirt contrasted sharply with the lush romantic skirt-bell, bodyside up to the ankles, and do not allow for the broad steps, condemning women to a fine mincing gait.Gradually lost volume sleeves that more snugly to the hand, refusing lush romantic lanterns.
underwear, homewear and swimwear
in the modern era more and more attention is drawn not only to the way a woman looks at social balls in the salons.Sports development, expanding the range of leisure wear and the phasing out of the corset and petticoats set new realities.Lower clothing is divided into two parts, and gradually looming familiar to all bra and briefs that were previously replaced the corset, long pants Knickers in fashion? and petticoat.For members of the upper classes underwear becomes a luxury.
fashion designer, who, along with Paul Poiret attract female attention to your home clothes, insisted that the ladies fitting look "to the nines" is not only light, but alsoat home.So the demand for the functionality of everyday dress Casual Dresses: stylish spring wardrobe basis , which gradually goes out.
Practicality and activity - new women's realities
In the era of modern Europe, especially the UK, faced a wave of the suffragette movement - demands for women's suffrage.Suffragettes opposing discrimination against women, showed a striking departure from the way traditional and even new canons appeal imparted by French couturier.In parallel with the pampered ladies in fancy hats and dresses with narrow heavy rustling skirts decorated with ribbons and artificial flowers, there is the other manner inconsistent with the languid evenings in the salons.Suffragettes wear simple dresses and suits smooth cut without a hint of feminine decor - their clothes are more like their male attire dark tones and the desire to repeat the images of the jackets.
feminized countries in casual clothing for women is becoming more practical.It consists of a blouse, jacket and long skirt to the ankle, where there is no previous bustle that erases adopted in this era of the S-shaped silhouette.This style is called the "Gibson Girl" after the English artist, glorified in his paintings a new image of a young lady.
the modern era clothing Modern clothing - a new way of expression halt with the outbreak of World War II in 1914.The impact of her features looked through a few more years, until it was replaced finally came to Hollywood glamor and decadence, who returned the tradition of luxury fashion with the pursuit of decorative styles.