- Artificial insemination - the ability to have a normal family
artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF) - these phrases now on everyone's lips.But until recently the procedure of artificial insemination for most people has been shrouded in secrecy, and children who were born via IVF, often called "children of the tubes."Louise Brown, born in 1978 in England - the first human conceived outside the mother's womb.Currently, the number of people who were born through artificial insemination, more than four million, and this figure is growing rapidly.
During the procedure of artificial insemination with sperm join ovum in the laboratory.When the embryo is formed (or more embryos), it is introduced into the uterus, where it is, if all goes well, will be developed over the next four weeks.Artificial insemination - is a complex and expensive procedure;it resorted to only 5% of infertile couples.
In some cases, it may help artificial insemination
Artificial insemination can be effective if the causes of infertility couples are:
- Various problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes;
- problems with ovulation;
- low sperm concentration.
- IVF as it is useful in cases when it is not possible to establish the exact cause of infertility.
Artificial insemination under any circumstances, is not a means of first choice for the treatment of infertility Infertility treatment - modern methods .On the contrary, this technique is applied in cases when other methods - such as medication, surgery for the treatment of certain disorders (e.g., endometriosis), insemination and others were tried and did not give the expected results.
If you start to think about the possibility of artificial insemination, carefully examine the available in your country, health centers, where you can carry out this procedure.You should know how often the IVF procedure in a particular clinic terminate the pregnancy (in vitro fertilization is not always successfully), how many pairs after a successful procedure, the pregnancy is terminated the birth of a healthy baby, how often in multiple pregnancies, as is the procedure, what is the cost of storage of embryos after fertilization(if this service is available at all), and how long they can be stored.All these questions can be set to employees of the medical center.
How is the procedure of artificial insemination
first stage of the procedure - it is an injection of hormones cause the ovaries to mature several eggs will start instead of one.After that, the patient will be regularly examined to determine when it will be ready for removal of eggs.Before removing the patient was injected with drugs that stimulate egg maturation and ovulation beginning.At this stage, it is essential to choose the right time to seize the egg should be just before they start coming out of the follicles in the ovaries.If you do it too early or too late, the fertilized egg does not develop normally.To determine when to initiate the procedure, performed ultrasound or blood test.
procedure of withdrawal of eggs is carried out using painkillers and sedatives, or, at the choice of the patient under general anesthesia.Typically, this procedure takes less than thirty minutes, but in some cases it may take up to one hour.Immediately after the seizure of its egg in the laboratory with sperm mixed with the patient's partner, he must pass just before the procedure.
Shortly thereafter, the couple can go home, but fertilized eggs remain in the hospital for a period of two to five days.The patient then returns to the hospital and her uterus was transferred to one or more embryos.This procedure is easier and faster than the removal of eggs.To increase the chance of pregnancy, most experts recommend for artificial insemination in the uterus immediately to carry three or four embryos, but it means that a woman can come multiple pregnancy Multiple pregnancy - is there any special recommendations? , and it is associated with some risk for both mother and unborn children.
The patient can go home after four to six hours after the procedure.Approximately two weeks after the embryo transfer into the uterus need to take a pregnancy test Pregnancy tests - early diagnosis .
What is the probability that artificial insemination will be successful?
This probability depends on numerous factors, including the cause of infertility pairs of age of both partners, and from where the treatment took place.The average in vitro fertilization is effective in 29% -35% of cases.In 22.4% of cases pregnancy was the result of IVF, completed the birth of the child.
What else you need to know about artificial insemination
embryos that were not used for the first IVF procedure can be frozen and used later.In this case, the following procedures if they need to cost a little bit cheaper.In some clinics it is possible to give the unused embryos to other infertile couples;Of course, you will not know their names, and it does not involve any compensation from the couple acting as the recipient.On this, as on the destruction of unused embryos must give their consent both partners.
woman's age - one of the most important factors that determine the success of the procedure of artificial insemination.For women younger than 35 years old the chance of pregnancy after IVF was 39.6% in women older than 40 years - 11.5%.Currently, however, the chances of successful in vitro fertilization in all age groups is gradually increasing - due to the fact that the technology improved, and the experience of physicians, making this procedure is growing.