The rate of cholesterol in the blood of women: fat varieties

By Admin | Women Health / Women's Disease
13 April 2016

rate of cholesterol in the blood of women Cholesterol is found in cells or cell membranes of the whole organism and used them to produce hormones, vitamin D and bile acids that help digest fat.The body can fill all these needs by producing cholesterol in the liver.What is the rate of cholesterol in the blood of women?

High cholesterol in the blood - a big issue of women's health.According to studies, one of the six adults (or 16.3% of the population) have elevated cholesterol, 240 mg / dl or higher.In women, high cholesterol is more common than in men, which increases their risk of coronary heart disease of about half compared with those who have normal cholesterol.

But do not think that high cholesterol - it is a problem only of middle or older.Obesity is increasingly common in children, adolescents and young adults, as well as high cholesterol.

Elevated levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or "bad" cholesterol, damages the walls of blood vessels and is considered a major cause of coronary heart disease.

Since there is increasing evidence that the death rate from heart disease can be reduced with intensive treatment of high cholesterol, the researchers now recommend:

  • more intensive treatment and better diagnostics for thewho have a risk of heart attack.
  • use full lipoprotein profile in the first test on a high cholesterol.
  • refinement level where the high density cholesterol becomes a major risk factor for heart disease.
  • Clarifying the optimal level of LDL cholesterol for the population.
  • more aggressive treatment of high cholesterol in people with diabetes.
  • more intensive treatment for patients with very high, high and moderately high risk for a heart attack.
  • Better nutrition, increased physical activity and weight control to treat high cholesterol.Medicines are also recommended for those who have medium, high or very high risk of heart disease, based on the level of cholesterol in the blood.
  • more attention to the risk factors of heart disease associated with insulin resistance, known as metabolic syndrome, which often occur together and significantly increase the risk of coronary events.
  • increased attention to the treatment of high triglycerides, lipoprotein complex, which can also increase the risk of heart disease.
  • recommendations not to use during menopause hormone therapy for the treatment of high cholesterol.

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The rate of cholesterol in the blood of women: Know your numbers

total cholesterol

less than 200 mg / dL

Desirable

200 -239 mg / dl

Border high

240 mg / dl or higher

High

level of LDL in the blood

less than 70 mg / dL

optimal target for high-risk patients

less than 100 mg / dL

Optimum

100 -129 mg / dl

Close tooptimal / above optimal

130 -159 mg / dl

Border high

160 -189 mg / dl

High

190 mg / dlabove

Very high

level of HDL in the blood

above 60 mg / dL.Levels above 60 mg / dL is considered particularly useful and can smooth the risk factors for heart diseases.The higher the HDL levels, the better.

Optimum

50 - 60 mg / dL for women

Middle

less than 50 mg / dL for women.The lower level is considered to be a major risk for heart disease.

Low

triglycerides

less than 150 mg / dL

Normal

150 - 199 mg / dL

BorderHigh

200 - 499 mg / dL

High

500 mg / dl or higher

Very high

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What are the terms you need to know

While high cholesterol, viscous, fat-like substances, dangerous, however, the body needs a certain amount of cholesterol.Cholesterol is a group of chemical compounds called lipids, which also include the fat and triglycerides.

Some saturated fats, mainly contained in whole milk and meat products, and some trans fats in such products as seed oil, palm oil and partially hydrogenated fats, often contained in processed food, raise cholesterol levels in the blood.Over the years, cholesterol and blood fat deposited on the inner walls of the arteries that supply the heart with blood are called coronary arteries.These deposits narrow the arteries, causing atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis - when the problems with the vessels Atherosclerosis - when problems with blood vessels .This is the main cause of coronary heart disease.Dietary cholesterol, which is contained, for example, eggs, dairy products and other foods, may also slightly enhance the cholesterol in blood, but new studies show that consumption of dietary cholesterol unlikely to significantly increase the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in healthy andmost studies found no association between the consumption of eggs and the risk of coronary heart disease.

studies of different types of fat, and their effect on cholesterol continues, and more and more attention is paid to the substitution of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats in saturated fats.Researchers acknowledge that not all fats have the same effect on cholesterol.Even among the saturated fatty acids have different types, some of which are more harmful than others.For example, studies have found that stearic acid, saturated fatty acid which contains in dark chocolate, does not increase the level of LDL cholesterol.

If the coronary arteries are narrowed or clogged, the blood is saturated with oxygen and nutrients can not reach the heart.Result - coronary heart disease Heart disease - symptoms of heart disease Heart disease - symptoms of heart disease or heart attack.The plot of the heart deprived of oxygen dies.

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types cholesterol

moves in Cholesterol in blood lipoprotein which consist of lipids and proteins.Cholesterol, which is in the low density lipoproteins (LDL), often called the bad cholesterol Cholesterol Cholesterol , because too high content of cholesterol in the blood can lead to an accumulation of cholesterol and clogged arteries.LDL carries most of the cholesterol in the blood.

Another type of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol - a high density lipoproteins (HDL), often called good cholesterol.HDL cholesterol helps to carry Ying different parts of the body to the liver, which helps to remove it from the body, preventing its accumulation in the arteries.

third type of lipoprotein - very low density lipoprotein (VLDL).These triglycerides are transported in the blood.High levels of VLDL and triglyceride levels has also been associated with increased risk of heart disease.The specific way of measuring VLDL cholesterol is not, so it is usually not mentioned during routine blood tests for cholesterol.Typically, the level of VLDL is a percentage of triglycerides, the norm is between 5 and 40 mg / dL.