Porcelain: fragility, proven for centuries

By Admin | Home And Family / In The World Of Women
28 May 2016

porcelain Porcelain, along with paper, tea, silk Silk - a legacy of the Yellow Emperor Silk - a legacy of the Yellow Emperor , gunpowder - a gift to humanity from the great Chinese civilization.However, like everything else, a gift not really voluntary ... In English china and China designated one word: china. This is best illustrated by the story of the origin of the beautiful and easy miracle, white gold, luxury, worthy of the gods and the emperor - porcelain.

history it has more than three thousand years.But the very beginning of porcelain production on an industrial scale is about to VI-VII centuries, when by improving the technology and the selection of the starting components began to receive the product, other than white, and the subtlety of the crock.According to legend, the ancient Chinese could not decide on the material for the manufacture of utensils: jade - expensive and sacrilegious, clay - ugly and short-lived, the tree - unaesthetic.Then, quite by chance we found a way to produce the master porcelain ... and this method w

as large and well kept secret for the rest of the world.One of the components of this big secret - the raw material from which made and porcelain.Jiangsu proved a treasure trove of porcelain stone - the rock consisting of quartz and mica.Porcelain mass briquetted powder made from porcelain stone and kaolin (special clay, gives the white product).The resulting semi-finished product was kept for decades, to acquire their plasticity.Thereafter, the queue was oven, a high temperature during firing which changes the physical structure of the mass, it becomes transparent and waterproof.At the beginning of our era the Chinese potters have built a furnace capable of producing the desired temperature, to have archaeological evidence.And for a special matt gloss glaze made up of several layers of different transparency.

In the first century AD, workshops for the production of porcelain appeared in one of the cities in Jiangxi Province, which later became known as Tszindechzhen - the capital of china, it is because historically this area - the birthplace of porcelain and place of constant development and improvement.It has long been out of Jingdezhen porcelain products were of high quality.Rumor has it that "they were dazzling as snow, thin as a sheet of paper, durable as metal."

Because in the long history of China, there are many different types of porcelain, there are several ways to describe the dating and porcelain (and in general, to understand this subtle but complex issue).

First, the most common way: the classification of porcelain on the date of its manufacture.Chinese porcelain applies to periods, for example, the name "Tang porcelain" means that the product produced in the Tang Dynasty, Song Dynasty porcelain - in the era of the Song Dynasty, and so on.Chinese history is quite complicated and confusing, so the classification of porcelain scare any beginner.

type and kind of china and even determine the place of its manufacture.For example, yuesky porcelain, was likely manufactured in Zhejiang province in east China, and Porcelain yaozhou district probably made in Shanxi Province in the northwest of the country.The third method of identification of Chinese porcelain: the definition of the distinctive features of its production.The fact that different provinces of China porcelain, respectively, also different.First of all, it is necessary to evaluate the appearance of the product, the quality of material, color, decor, painting, style, methods, techniques ... In general, very, very many factors.Indicative in this case is the glaze, its coloring, tone, quality and filling.And it is not so simple: used in the production of porcelain glaze can be a variety of colors: blue, white, red, sky blue, yellow, green and even black.In addition, there is a social component - porcelain made for people aristocratic origin, characterized by careful study of decorations, ornaments and luxurious look, porcelain for commoners more cheerful and bright colors.

Finally, Chinese porcelain distinguish the place of manufacture and the type of firing.In ancient times in China, porcelain is usually burned in public and private workshops.How to distinguish between them, not even the Chinese themselves are confident ...

short, to evaluate Chinese porcelain fit only to specialists, life was devoted to the issue of this call ...

Natalia Rudenko